Adult Vaccination Test App
What are Vaccines?
A vaccine is a biological preparation that helps improve immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine usually contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism and is mostly made from the weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or any of its surface proteins. The agent is one that stimulates the body’s immune system to recognise the agent as foreign and destroy it. The agent also needs to remember the foreign agent so that the immune system can identify it more easily and destroy any of the microorganisms that it encounters later.
Why are Vaccines important?
During the past years, vaccinations in India have saved more than a billion lives and prevented countless people from falling prey to a wide range of illnesses and disabilities. However, vaccine-preventable diseases such as mumps, measles, and whooping cough are still a threat. They continue affecting children, thus, resulting in hospitalisations and deaths each year. Immunisations are important for two main reasons. First, to protect yourself and second, to protect those around you. Vaccines are one of the best ways to prevent diseases.
What are the benefits of Vaccines?
While the benefits of immunisation are invisible, the idea is that you or your child will not become ill with any disease. Sometimes, it may be tempting to say ‘NO’ to immunisation. However, this puts health at risk of catching some severe or fatal diseases. In reality, taking a vaccination is better and safer than not taking one. Vaccination may not be 100% effective, but it is the best defence against epidemics that kill or disable millions of people.
What are the different Vaccinations for children and adults?
Appropriate age-related vaccines are formulated for both children and adults at various stages of their life, to prevent them from contracting certain diseases and health issues. Mentioned below are some vaccines that are essential for children, young adolescents and adults.
- Vaccines for new-born babies through 12 months
- Vaccines for toddlers aged 1 to 2 years
- Vaccines for children between 4 to 6 years of age
- Vaccines for adolescents between 11 to 12 years of age
- Vaccines for adults
Every child needs vaccines beginning from 2 to 12 months of age.
During the first six months of age, babies need multiple vaccinations, a few of which are:
DTaP that helps protect them from diphtheria and whooping cough
IPV that protects them from Polio
Rotavirus that helps protect them from rotavirus diseases such as vomiting, dehydration and diarrhoea.
Hepatitis B vaccine that helps protect against liver diseases that are caused by the Hepatitis B virus, including the dosage given at birth.
Once your baby turns a year old, he or she needs a few vaccines which includes:
MMR vaccine that protects them against measles, mumps; and rubella, which could avoid blindness, pneumonia, deafness, mental retardation, and more.
DTaP is a standard dose that is given to help protect infants from tetanus, diphtheria and more.
Varicella is a vaccine that combats chickenpox.
Hepatitis A vaccine helps protect children against liver diseases that are caused by the Hepatitis A virus.
DTaP, Polio boosters, MMR and Varicella, are vaccinations that be must be given to children before they start attending school / day care.
Make sure your child receives his boosters as early as at four years of age.
Tdap is a vaccine that protects against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis.
MCV / Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine helps the body fight against infections of the fluid and lining around the brain and spinal cord (meningitis), and bloodstream infections.
HPV or Human Papillomavirus Vaccine protects against viruses that cause about 70% of cervical cancer in women and others diseases in both, males and females.
Adults need immunisation as well. Over time, our immunity to tetanus, pertussis, and diphtheria fade off, and other vaccines are needed that are based on one’s age and lifestyle.
A few vaccinations for adults are:
Tdap, which helps fight tetanus, diphtheria and acellular pertussis.
Hepatitis B, which is recommended for those adults who are at risk.
MMR, for adults who have never had measles, mumps or rubella.
Varicella, for those who have never had chickenpox.